Phase 4 Phonics
The purpose of Phase 4 is for children to consolidate their knowledge of graphemes (letter representations) for reading and spelling words with adjacent consonants and polysyllabic words. Therefore Phase 4 does not teach any new sounds but introduces children to longer words.
What is a word with adjacent consonants? Initially in reading children are introduced to c-v-c words, or consonant - vowel - consonant words (with the vowels being a, e, i, o, u), such as c-a-t, d-o-g and p-i-g. Adjacent consonant words are simply words with two (or more) consonants next to each other. Examples include f-r-o-g (where the f-r are next to each other) and t-u-s-k (where the s-k are next to each other); children need to learn to 'blend' these sounds together in order to read and spell. Examples of words with three adjacent consonants would be s-t-r-i-ng (s-t-r being next to each other) also s-c-r-ew (s-c-r being next to each other).
What are polysyllabic words? Polysyllabic words are simply words with more than one syllable, words as easy to sound out as pic-nic, or longer words such as Man-ches-ter, which also contains sounds represented by more than one letter such as ch and er (these are called digraphs, where to letters make one sound). Children need to learn to break these longer words into manageable 'chunks' in order to read or decode. Clapping the syllables or 'beats' in a word is one of the ways to support this.
Phase 4 gives children opportunities to practise blending longer words in both their reading and spelling, including applying what they have learned to sentences. In this weeks Learning Guidance I have provided links to websites to further support development of this, there are many, many resources available on line but I am also attaching a basic few to get you started, including flash cards and a matching pairs game, which we are using in school, plus some more. Home Learners, I have included one example of the Find and Write activity sheets (for 'b-l'), I have 36 different ones of these, too many to post on here, but if you would like them I can either email to you directly or can print them in school and arrange for you to collect, just contact me and let me know. I am also including some polysyllabic word cards and sentence reading activities, plus activity booklets and mats and a Parents Guide, should you like to do further reading! As always, please do not feel you have to print or use everything, my intention is to give you some ideas and choices, pick what you think is appropriate to your child. As ever, please email me if you have any questions or need further support.